2020年05月14日

Is an integrated circuit a chip


Is an integrated circuit a chip


Many people always refer to integrated circuits as chips, so what does the two have to do with each other? Simply put, integrated circuits are circuits that are integrated into a chip. A chip is an abbreviation for integrated circuit. In fact, the real meaning of the word chip refers to a little big semiconductor chip inside the integrated circuit package, that is, the die. Strictly speaking, chips and integrated circuits cannot be interchanged.


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What is an integrated circuit


An integrated circuit is a microelectronic device or component. A certain process is used to interconnect the necessary transistors, resistors, capacitors, and inductors in a circuit and wiring together, made on a small piece or pieces of semiconductor wafer or dielectric substrate, and then packaged in a package It has become a micro-structure with the required circuit functions, in which all components have been integrated into a structure, making electronic components a big step toward miniaturization, low power consumption, intelligence and high reliability. It is represented by the letter "IC" in the circuit. The inventors of integrated circuits are Jack Kirby (an integrated circuit based on germanium (Ge)) and Robert Noyce (an integrated circuit based on silicon (Si)). Most applications in the semiconductor industry today are integrated circuits based on silicon.


Integrated circuit characteristics


The integrated circuit has the advantages of small size, light weight, few lead wires and solder joints, long life, high reliability, good performance, etc. At the same time, the cost is low and it is convenient for large-scale production. It is not only widely used in industrial and civilian electronic equipment such as radio cassette recorders, televisions, computers, etc., but also widely used in military, communications, remote control, etc. Using integrated circuits to assemble electronic equipment, the assembly density can be increased by several tens to thousands of times compared with transistors, and the stable working time of the equipment can also be greatly improved.



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